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Table 3 The content outlines of simulated health class by the pharmacy students for each age bracket

From: Instructing students to measure their own bone density and prepare a simulated health class during pharmacy school improves their awareness and understanding of osteoporosis prevention

The age bracket (group a) The content outline
10s (group 1–3) • 10s is a crucial time for the bone growth and development.
• A comparison of bone between young adults and osteoporosis patients.
• Importance of regular food and physical activities for bone development.
• Explanation of the nutrient required for bone development using some examples of food.
• Adverse factors for the growing bones and the mechanism of bone loss induced by the following; smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity, excessive dieting, instant and snack food etc.
20s and 30s (group 4–6) • 20s and 30s are crucial times for the maintenance of healthy bones.
• Bone density is achieved a peak in 20s, and has declined progressively with age.
• Women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than men.
• Association between osteoporosis and female hormone estrogen.
• Bone density during pregnancy and lactation.
• Importance of prevention bone loss from earlier years.
• Explanation of the nutrient required for the maintenance of healthy bones.
• Risk factors of bone loss as follows; smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity and sun avoidance.
40s and 50s (group 7–9) • Women need especially cautions by reason of severe bone loss after menopause.
• Symptoms of osteoporosis; lower backache, stooped posture, fracture easily with progressive osteoporosis.
• Early detection and rapid cure improve osteoporosis, and its screening test is necessary before people break a bone.
• Food, physical activity and sun exposure promote bone health, and concrete numerical goals of the nutrient intake, physical activity and sun exposure were showed.
• Protection of bone health is conductive to maintain general health.
Over 60s (group 10–12) • The causes of osteoporosis and the method to halt the progression of bone loss with advancing age.
• Symptoms suspected of osteoporosis; stooped posture and height loss etc.
• Importance of osteoporosis screening test for early detection and rapid cure.
• A provision to prevent a fall is critical tasks to avoid becoming bedridden by fracture.
• Food, physical activity and sun exposure promote bone health, and concrete numerical goals of the nutrient intake, physical activity and sun exposure were showed.
• Drug for the treatment of osteoporosis.
  1. aEach group was composed of eight or nine pharmacy students, and each age bracket was assigned to three groups