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Table 4 Pharmacy student responses question for prevention of osteoporosis before and after the training program

From: Instructing students to measure their own bone density and prepare a simulated health class during pharmacy school improves their awareness and understanding of osteoporosis prevention

  Students responses before the training, % Students responses after the training, %  
Question items a 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 p value b
People need to take food with an eye on the nutrition for the prevention of osteoporosis. 1 3 4 26 66 0 0 0 10 90 <0.001
People need to form an exercise habit for the prevention of osteoporosis. 1 4 18 27 50 0 1 3 13 83 <0.001
Countermeasures to prevent osteoporosis in 10-20s are important. 1 3 6 34 56 0 0 3 5 92 <0.001
  1. aEach item was measured on a five-point Likert scale (1: strongly disagree, 2: disagree, 3: neither, 4: agree, and 5: strongly agree)
  2. b P-values indicate comparisons between the student responses before and after the training using Wilcoxon signed-rank tests