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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes at study entry

From: The relationship between patients’ perception of type 2 diabetes and medication adherence: a cross-sectional study in Japan

  Total Hospital
(n = 92)
Community pharmacy
(n = 67)
p-valuea
n % n % n %
Gender male 110 69.2 72 78.3 38 56.7 0.005*
female 49 30.8 20 21.7 29 43.3
Age (year) median
[range]
68
[32–88]
  65[32–87]   70[42–88]   0.001*
BMI median
[range]
24.0
[15.2–34.8]
  24.0[15.9–34.8]   24.0[15.2–34.0]   0.446
Diabetes Duration (year) median
[range]
11,0
[0–55]
  12.0[0–55]   10.0[1–53]   0.447
HbA1c
(%)
median
[range]
7.0
[4.4–10.6]
  7.0
[4.4–10.0]
  7.1
[5.9–10.6]
  0.364
Diabetes history of relatives yes 88 55.3 48 52.2 40   0.420
no 71 44.7 44 47.8 27  
Complications retinopathy 14 8.8 9 9.8 5 7.5 0.779
nephropathy 10 6.3 8 8.7 2 3.0 0.193
neuropathy 16 10.1 8 8.7 8 11.9 0.596
cardiovascular 18 11.3 11 12.0 7 10.4 0.806
non 106 66.7 62 67.4 45 67.2 0.923
Therapy exercise therapy 52 32.7 33 35.9 19 28.4 0.393
diet therapy 71 44.7 47 51.1 24 35.8. 0.075
insulin therapy 54 34.0 40 43.5 14 20.9 0.004*
Diabetes knowledge
(the general knowledge subscale)
average (SD)
[range]
9.8
(3.4)
[0–16]
  10.4
(2.4)
[4–16]
  8.9
(4.2)
[0–16]
  0.050
Number of medications median
[range]
5
[1–20]
  5
[1–20]
  5
[1–17]
  0.577
Number of doses per day median
[range]
8
[0–50]
  9
[1–50]
  8
[0–28]
  0.137
Patient’s perception Factor 1. Feeling of inferiority 3.1
(2.3)
[0–10]
  3.0
(2.2)
[0–8]
  3.2
(2.5)
[0–10]
  0.745
Factor 2. Living a tidy life 6.9
(2.1)
[0–10]
  7.1
(2.1)
[0–10]
  6.8
(2.1)
[1–10]
  0.195
Factor 3. Feeling of restriction 5.2
(1.9)
[0.2–9]
  4.9
(1.9)
[0.2–8.6]
  5.5
(1.7)
[1–9]
  0.076
Factor 4. Feeling miserable 5.3
(2.1)
[0–10]
  5.6
(2.1)
[0–10]
  4.9
(2.1)
[0–9.67]
  0.028
Factor 5. Feeling of getting into trouble 3.9
(1.9)
[0–9.67]
  3.8
(1.7)
[0–7.17]
  3.9
(2.2)
[0–9.67]
  0.919
Factor 6. Feeling of intemperance 6.2
(1.9)
[0–10]
  6.4
(1.7)
[2.33–10]
  6.1
(2.2)
[0–9.33]
  0.797
Factor 7. Feeling of portentous 6.5
(2.0)
[0.67–10]
  6.8
(1.6)
[2.33–10]
  6.0
(2.3)
[0.67–10]
  0.013
  1. aMann–Whitney U-test or Fisher’s exact test was used to test the mean difference between individuals at hospital and community pharmacy; Pearson’s chi-square test was used to test the distribution difference of categories between individuals at hospital and community pharmacy