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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients

From: Evaluation of factors related to overdose in patients with impaired consciousness who are transported by emergency medical services: an age-specific research

A. Study population
  Overdose Other consciousness disorders
n = 128 n = 94
Age (Average ± S.D.) 40.6 ± 18.4 51.9 ± 19.7
 ≤ 39 years 72 28
 40–59 years 34 31
 ≥ 60 years 22 35
Female/Male (n) 95/33 34/60
 ≤ 39 years 56/16 5/23
 40–59 years 24/10 11/20
 ≥ 60 years 15/7 18/17
Medical historya
Medical department (n, [%])
 Psychiatry 68 [53.1] 14 [14.9]
 Psychiatry and general medical department 29 [22.7] 10 [10.6]
 (Psychiatry positive) (97 [75.8]) (24 [25.5])
 General medical department 20 [15.6] 51 [54.3]
 None or unclear 11 [8.6] 19 [20.2]
Psychiatric disorders (n, [%])
 ICD-10
 F2 (Schizophrenia, schizotypal, and delusional disorders) 25 [19.5] 8 [8.5]
 F3 (Mood [affective] disorders) 60 [46.9] 12 [12.8]
 F4 (Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders) 31 [24.2] 3 [3.2]
 F5 (Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors) 10 [7.8] 1 [1.1]
 F6 (Disorders of adult personality and behaviour) 9 [7.0] 1 [1.1]
 Others 20 [15.6] 4 [4.3]
Other disorders (n, [%])
 Cardiovascular disorder 17 [13.3] 17 [18.1]
 Respiratory disorder 9 [7.0] 4 [4.3]
 Other disorders 78 [60.9] 57 [60.6]
 Unclear 9 [7.0] 3 [3.2]
 None 3 [2.3] 15 [16.0]
Outcome (n, [%])
 Hospital discharge 107 [83.6] 57 [60.6]
 Hospitalization 17 [13.3] 29 [30.9]
 Death 0 [0] 7 [7.4]
 Unclear 4 [3.1] 1 [1.1]
B. Prescribed drugs
  Overdose Other consciousness disorders
Psychotropic drugs (n) 87 32
 Benzodiazepines (n, [%]) 71 [55.5] 27 [27.6]
 Antidepressants (n, [%]) 40 [31.3] 10 [10.2]
 Antipsychotics (n, [%]) 54 [42.2] 17 [17.3]
 Anticonvulsants (n, [%]) 29 [22.7] 6 [6.1]
 Lithium carbonate (n, [%]) 13 [10.2] 1 [1.02]
  1. ICD-10, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems-10
  2. aMedical history indicates total number