Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with pressure ulcers based on the DESIGN-R category of depth

From: Active topical therapy by “Furuta method” for effective pressure ulcer treatment: a retrospective study

  d2 D3 D4, 5 DU
  Compliance group (n = 154) Non-compliance group (n = 189) Absolute standardized difference, % P value Compliance group (n = 130) Non-compliance group (n = 90) Absolute standardized difference, % P value Compliance group (n = 104) Non-compliance group (n = 55) Absolute standardized difference, % P value Compliance group (n = 59) Non-compliance group (n = 87) Absolute standardized difference, % P value
Age (years) 82.4 ± 9.0 79.3 ± 11.6 29.9 0.06 81.1 ± 10.3 78.8 ± 12.9 19.7 0.137 80.5 ± 11.5 80.5 ± 10.8 0 0.988 79.2 ± 10.0 76.7 ± 14.7 19.9 0.265
Sex (male) (%) 51.9 54.5 3.8 0.403 56.0 55.6 0.6 0.949 40.3 36.3 5.1 0.624 45.7 56.3 15.1 0.213
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 10.9 ± 2.2 10.8 ± 2.3 4.4 0.529 10.5 ± 2.1 10.7 ± 1.9 10.0 0.57 9.9 ± 1.8 10.1 ± 1.7 11.4 0.606 9.9 ± 1.9 10.5 ± 2.1 29.9 0.107
Albumin (g/dL) 2.9 ± 0.6 2.9 ± 0.8 0.0 0.808 2.6 ± 0.6 2.6 ± 0.6 0 0.38 2.6 ± 0.6 2.5 ± 0.7 15.3 0.727 2.6 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.6 18.1 0.25
DESIGN-R score at baseline 9.4 ± 4.9 7.5 ± 4.8 39.1 <0.001 15.4 ± 7.3 15.4 ± 7.0 0 0.969 28.0 ± 12.5 23.0 ± 7.3 48.9 0.007 24.6 ± 10.3 20.3 ± 10.3 41.7 0.014
Observational period (day) 23.1 ± 20.1 26.1 ± 23.8 13.6 0.211 43.2 ± 42.1 57.3 ± 93.1 19.5 0.132 70.5 ± 55.6 68.8 ± 65.5 2.7 0.86 52.5 ± 59.7 57.3 ± 88.8 6.3 0.718
Locations     -     -     -     -
Sacrum 55 87 - - 43 38 - - 56 28 - - 16 32 - -
Coccyx 22 20 - - 7 9 - - 3 2 - - 2 3 - -
Greater trochanter 17 13 - - 20 8 - - 8 4 - - 7 13 - -
Heel 10 17 - - 24 10 - - 11 4 - - 14 20 - -
Ilium 4 7 - - 5 4 - - 4 5 - - 5 3 - -
Others 46 45 - - 31 21 - - 22 12 - - 15 16 - -